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Endpoint detection and response (EDR)

What is EDR?

Endpoint detection and response (EDR), also known as endpoint threat detection and response (ETDR), is a cybersecurity technology that continually monitors an “endpoint” (e.g. mobile phone, laptop, Internet-of-Things device) to mitigate malicious cyber threats.

Endpoint detection and response technology is used to identify suspicious behavior and Advanced Persistent Threats on endpoints in an environment, and alert administrators accordingly. It does this by collecting and aggregating data from endpoints and other sources. That data may or may not be enriched by additional cloud analysis. EDR solutions are primarily an alerting tool rather than a protection layer but functions may be combined depending on the vendor. The data may be stored in a centralized database or forwarded to a SIEM tool.

Every EDR platform has its unique set of capabilities. However, some common capabilities include the monitoring of endpoints in both the online and offline mode, responding to threats in real-time, increasing visibility and transparency of user data, detecting stored endpoint events and malware injections, creating blacklists and whitelist, and integration with other technologies. Some vendors of EDR technologies leverage the free Mitre Att&ck classification and framework for threats.